Illicit Trade

Converging Criminal Networks

image of Illicit Trade

This report assesses the magnitude, flows and drivers of illicit trade and the illegal economy including: narcotics, human trafficking, wildlife, sports betting, counterfeit medicines, alcohol and tobacco. The negative socio-economic impacts that these markets have in consumer countries are as worrisome as the goverance gaps that are exploited in source countries. This report examines each illicit sector in terms of the geographic sources, destinations and key trade routes, the current trend of infiltration by organized crime networks, and good practices or future policy solutions with which to combat illicit trade within the various sectors.




The global economy is increasingly interconnected. This presents greater opportunities for many citizens and businesses, but also for a range of illicit networks that foster criminal activities. Illicit trade creates an enormous capital flow from outside of the formal economy, not only resulting in loss of revenue for governments and industries, but also jeopardizing public health and security, and enriching criminals who have a vested interest in undermining the rule of law.


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