1887

Identification and Quantification of the Proceeds of Bribery

Revised edition, February 2012

image of Identification and Quantification of the Proceeds of Bribery

This study focuses on the identification and quantification of the proceeds of active bribery in international business transactions. Public and private organisations alike have long recognised that bribery of public officials is harmful to good governance, economic development and competitive conditions. Confiscation and recovery of the proceeds derived from foreign bribery are key elements in the international framework to fight corruption of public officials.

Chapter 1 introduces the international legal framework for the treatment of the proceeds of active bribery and catalogues the legal remedies available in various jurisdictions, and how these remedies may interact. Chapter 2 defines five principal types of proceeds of active bribery and analyzes how they may be quantified. Each system is illustrated by examples from countries using such methods, as well as commentary on some practical challenges linked to the calculation of proceeds. Chapter 3 offers a compilation of case summaries to illustrate the principles covered in the preceding chapters.

English

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Case summaries

The purpose of this Chapter is to provide case studies and examples of quantification of proceeds in cases of active bribery. It is not meant to provide an exhaustive catalogue of cases involving identification and quantification of the proceeds of active bribery. The case studies draw from official sources (e.g. court documents) or, where the information is confidential, cases which have been “anonymised”, i.e. the names of companies or individuals have been deleted. Anonymised cases may also contain features drawn from one or more actual cases.

English

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