Greece: Review of the Central Administration

image of Greece: Review of the Central Administration

Greece faces an immense, perhaps unique and increasingly urgent challenge. It needs to reform in depth, reconciling emergency measures with long lasting reforms. In the face of growing social and political discontent, the future crucially depends on the government's ability to link short term austerity measures with a long term vision and structural reforms aimed at restoring growth and improving the population's welfare. These reforms depend on a well functioning public administration. Strong measures, starting now, to improve the effectiveness, accountability and integrity of the public administration so that it is "fit for purpose" are a priority. The success of reforms such as privatisation, fiscal consolidation, debt reduction, tax collection and enhanced competitiveness is at stake.

This report analyses the issues, sets out the evidence, and makes recommendations for moving forward rapidly to strengthen Greek public governance.

English Also available in: Greek

Executive summary

When assessing Greece’s current reform needs and efforts, it is important to look back at the reforms already undertaken. The economic and social strategy followed by Greek governments has been largely focused on European integration. Prior to its entry into the European Monetary Union (EMU) on 1 January 2001, Greece had to make significant progress in macroeconomic management, to bring down its underlying rate of inflation and to keep its public deficits under control. Major structural reforms were also introduced during the 1990s in various parts of the public sector. Market liberalisation advanced, market regulation was assigned to independent bodies, and only a few state monopolies remained.


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