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Government at a Glance: Western Balkans

image of Government at a Glance: Western Balkans

Government at a Glance: Western Balkans presents information on public governance in the Western Balkan region – covering Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia, and compares it to OECD and OECD-EU countries. This first regional edition features 40 indicators on public finance, public employment, centre of government, budgeting practices and procedures, human resources management, public procurement, digital government, core government results and serving citizens. Governance indicators provide important benchmarks on public administration systems, practices and performance. Indicators are presented in a user-friendly format using charts, with brief descriptive analyses of the major findings, and a methodological section on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.

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Gender equality in politics

Cabinets and legislatures are key decision-making bodies of government and play the most important roles in society by creating laws and policies. As a result, their membership should reflect the composition of the population so each group is properly represented. Women represent somewhat more than half of the population, so it is crucial that over time their representation and effective participation in political decision-making increase, with the ultimate goal of achieving gender equality. Countries can use a broad range of compulsory and voluntary measures to speed up this process and correct for longstanding imbalances. For example, voluntary or compulsory gender quotas could be established. Legislative quotas are enshrined in election law, political party law, or any other comparable law of a country. Measures should be established to mainstream work-life balance practices at the top level of public institutions, promote gender-sensitive working conditions, and facilitate capacity and leadership development opportunities.

English

Graphs

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