Government at a Glance: Western Balkans

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Government at a Glance: Western Balkans presents information on public governance in the Western Balkan region – covering Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Serbia, and compares it to OECD and OECD-EU countries. This first regional edition features 40 indicators on public finance, public employment, centre of government, budgeting practices and procedures, human resources management, public procurement, digital government, core government results and serving citizens. Governance indicators provide important benchmarks on public administration systems, practices and performance. Indicators are presented in a user-friendly format using charts, with brief descriptive analyses of the major findings, and a methodological section on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.


Structure of general government revenues

Breaking down the structure of government revenues shows how these are raised and helps identify the relative contributions of citizens and/or sectors of the economy to finance government expenditures. In the Western Balkans, governments face significant challenges to raise taxes and contributions to finance much needed investments (e.g. in electricity supply and education), due to the size of the informal economy. At the same time, the effectiveness of policy choices to increase tax registration and compliance (e.g. VAT refunds) should be assessed (IMF, 2018).



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