Government at a Glance Southeast Asia 2019

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Government at a Glance Southeast Asia 2019 is the first edition in the Government at a Glance series for the region. It provides the latest available data on public administrations in the 10 ASEAN member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. This publication includes indicators on public finance and economics, public employment, budget practices and procedures, strategic human resources management, digital government, open government and citizen satisfaction with public services. Where possible, these data were compared against the OECD average and that of the neighbouring OECD member countries, such as Australia, Korea, Japan and New Zealand.

Each indicator in the publication is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of graphs and/or charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological section on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.


Budget transparency

The budget is one of the most strategic policy documents enshrining government priorities and objectives. The budget is also the means for parliament, citizens and non-government organisations to hold the government to account for its use of resources. Increasing transparency in the use of public funds is crucial to fostering responsibility and integrity as well promoting an open and inclusive budget process. Transparent and inclusive budgeting can also support better fiscal outcomes and promote better public sector performance through more responsive, impactful and equitable public policies. As highlighted in the OECD Toolkit on Budget Transparency (2017), “there are various definitions of budget transparency and fiscal transparency, but they can all be summarised in one core concept: budget transparency means being fully open with people about how public money is raised and used.”



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