Government at a Glance Southeast Asia 2019

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Government at a Glance Southeast Asia 2019 is the first edition in the Government at a Glance series for the region. It provides the latest available data on public administrations in the 10 ASEAN member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. This publication includes indicators on public finance and economics, public employment, budget practices and procedures, strategic human resources management, digital government, open government and citizen satisfaction with public services. Where possible, these data were compared against the OECD average and that of the neighbouring OECD member countries, such as Australia, Korea, Japan and New Zealand.

Each indicator in the publication is presented in a user-friendly format, consisting of graphs and/or charts illustrating variations across countries and over time, brief descriptive analyses highlighting the major findings conveyed by the data, and a methodological section on the definition of the indicator and any limitations in data comparability.



General government revenues

Governments raise revenues to finance the provision of goods and services, pay accruing debt and interests, and fulfil their redistributive role within and across generations. The amount raised is determined by multiple factors, such as government policies, political institutions, the endowment of natural resources, stage of economic and social development, and internal and external macroeconomic conditions. When revenue flow fluctuates substantially, governments need to manage shortages or surpluses to ensure consistent service provision over time. Revenue shortages may require raising taxes, contracting debt or consolidating expenditures; surpluses may result in further expenditure (e.g. more public investment or current consumption), constituting reserve funds or reducing taxes.



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