Government at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean 2017

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This second edition of Government at a Glance: Latin America and the Caribbean provides the latest available data on public administrations in the LAC region and compares it to OECD countries. It contains new indicators on public finances, centres of government, regulatory governance, open government, digital government and public procurement. This edition also includes a special feature on health budgeting.

After a decade of sustained economic growth reinforced by high commodity prices, economic conditions are deteriorating in the LAC region. In this context, LAC governments are expected to design and deliver more inclusive, transparent  and efficient policies. This report provides policy makers with performance measurements and offers comparative perspective. Good indicators are needed more than ever to help governments make informed decisions and tough choices, in order to  maintain progress and improvements in the region.

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Executive budget negotiations and off-budget expenditures

Formulating the budget implies consultation and negotiation with line ministries and other spending units. One of the main objectives of the central budget authority is to consolidate a budget proposal that reflects policy priorities and takes into account the spending trajectory and existing financial commitments. Commonly, as means of enforcing fiscal discipline and signalling policy priorities, expenditure ceilings are set on spending units’ initial requests. In the course of the process to set the budgetary ceilings, disagreements between the CBA and line ministries about resource allocation can arise. Such controversies require resolution by a third party with the authority to decide on budgetary matters and the capacity to balance budgetary interests.

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