Government at a Glance 2013

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Government at a Glance 2013 provides readers with a dashboard of key indicators assembled with the goal of contributing to the analysis and international comparison of public sector performance. Indicators on government revenues, expenditures, and employment are provided alongside key output and outcome data in the sectors of education and health. Government at a Glance also includes indicators on key governance and public management issues, such as transparency in governance, regulatory governance, new ways in delivering public services and HRM and compensation practices in the public service. While measuring government performance has long been recognized as playing an important role in increasing the effectiveness and efficiency of the public administration, following the economic crisis and fiscal tightening in many member countries, good indicators are needed more than ever to help governments make informed decisions regarding tough choices and help restore confidence in government institutions.

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Production costs and outsourcing of general government

Production costs are the share of government expenditures dedicated to the production of goods and services. While some governments produce most goods and services themselves, others outsource a large portion of the production to non-profit or private entities. There are two ways by which outsourcing can take place. Governments can either purchase goods and services to be used as inputs (goods and services used by government, i.e. intermediate consumption), or they can pay a non-profit or private institution to provide the goods and services directly to the end user (goods and services financed by government, i.e. social transfers in kind via market producers).

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