Governance Frameworks to Counter Illicit Trade

image of Governance Frameworks to Counter Illicit Trade

This report examines governance frameworks to counter illicit trade. It looks at the adequacy and effectiveness of sanctions and penalties applicable, the steps parties engaged in illicit trade take to lower the risk of detection - for example through small shipments - and the use of free trade zones as hubs for managing trade in illicit products. It also identifies gaps in enforcement that may need to be addressed. The report provides an overview of selected enforcement issues in BRICS economies (Brazil, China, India, the Russian Federation and South Africa).



Role of Small Shipments in Illicit Trade and its impact on enforcement

This chapter analyses the effectiveness of the governance frameworks to counter and to prevent the misuse of postal and courier streams as a delivery method for smuggling small packages containing prohibited or restricted goods. It provides an overview of current situation and identifies key areas for policy consideration including specific institutional and information gaps related to e-commerce.


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