1887

Governance Frameworks to Counter Illicit Trade

image of Governance Frameworks to Counter Illicit Trade

This report examines governance frameworks to counter illicit trade. It looks at the adequacy and effectiveness of sanctions and penalties applicable, the steps parties engaged in illicit trade take to lower the risk of detection - for example through small shipments - and the use of free trade zones as hubs for managing trade in illicit products. It also identifies gaps in enforcement that may need to be addressed. The report provides an overview of selected enforcement issues in BRICS economies (Brazil, China, India, the Russian Federation and South Africa).

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Key Institutional Capacities to Counter Illicit Trade

This chapter provides an overview of the rationale for taking action to address more effectively the threat of illicit trade. It i) examines the adequacy and effectiveness of sanctions and penalties in deterring criminal activities involving illicit trade, ii) explores the role of small shipments, and iii) assesses enforcement challenges in countering illicit trade in free trade zone. Policy recommendations to enhance institutional capacities in these three areas are presented.

English

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