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Gaps and Governance Standards of Public Infrastructure in Chile

Infrastructure Governance Review

image of Gaps and Governance Standards of Public Infrastructure in Chile

Chile’s planning and governance framework has supported the roll-out of high quality and efficient infrastructure that has been a key enabler of the country’s rapid development over the past two decades. However, changing circumstances such as climate change, decentralisation and a greater focus on social and territorial equity now require a change in how infrastructure needs are identified and addressed. This review examines Chile’s infrastructure stock and governance standards in light of the country’s 2030 growth agenda and OECD benchmarks, and sets out how such change can be achieved, with a special focus on transport and water infrastructure.

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Co-ordinating infrastructure policy across levels of government

This Chapter assesses the current multi-level governance framework for infrastructure investments and identifies actionable recommendations based on the OECD Recommendation on Effective Investment across Levels of Government (OECD, 2015b). Like many other OECD countries, Chile needs to strengthen some co-ordination instruments across the national and subnational governments to invest more efficiently in its territory. A better connection between the infrastructure planning and budgeting processes, to date almost totally disconnected, could also improve the effectiveness of infrastructure investments as the country moves towards programme –based budgeting. A more integrated, programme-based approach, contrary to a project-based financing, allows for turning strategic planning into effective investment prioritisation. Finally, greater horizontal co-operation across jurisdictions is needed to invest at the relevant scale.

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