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Fiscal Decentralisation and Inclusive Growth

image of Fiscal Decentralisation and Inclusive Growth

Intergovernmental fiscal frameworks, as considered by the OECD Network on Fiscal Relations Across Levels of Government, are a core driver of inclusive growth. Certain institutions and policies can contribute to a more equitable distribution of economic gains across jurisdictions and income groups, such as equalisation systems. In particular, the quality of public sector outcomes depends on how responsibilities and functions such as education or health care are shared across government levels. This implies that intergovernmental fiscal frameworks, which drive the division of roles of the central and sub-national governments, critically influence growth and the inclusiveness of an economy. This book brings together academics and practitioners to address key aspects of intergovernmental fiscal relations and country experience, as they relate to inclusive growth.

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Decentralisation and inclusive growth: Channels and implications

This chapter discusses the relationship between intergovernmental fiscal frameworks and inclusive growth, encompassing the several channels through which such a relationship could take place. The key variables directly affected by the decentralisation process are economic variables such as gross domestic product (GDP) and its distribution but also other social outcomes, such as educational attainment. All of these contribute to shaping economic growth and its inclusiveness. Inclusiveness means that the gains from growth in economic output, income or other forms of material well-being benefit all members of society. This includes all parts of a country, e.g. growth in a territory as well as the distribution of income across territories. In this context, sub-central and central authorities can contribute to inclusiveness within a country, contributing to an even distribution of economic gains across jurisdictions and income groups, ultimately enhancing well-being for all. Moreover, the quality of the public sector also depends on how responsibilities and functions are shared between government levels. The issue at stake is that the design of fiscal decentralisation does matter for inclusive growth.

English

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