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Financing Democracy

Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns and the Risk of Policy Capture

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The recent debate on the role of money in politics has shed the light on the challenges of political finance regulations. What are the risks associated with the funding of political parties and election campaigns? Why are existing regulatory models still insufficient to tackle those risks? What are the links between money in politics and broader frameworks for integrity in the public sector? This report addresses these three questions and provides a Framework on Financing Democracy, designed to shape the global debate and provide policy options as well as a mapping of risks.  It also features country case studies of Canada, Chile, Estonia, France, Korea, Mexico, United Kingdom, Brazil and India, providing in-depth analysis of their political finance mechanisms and challenges in different institutional settings.

 

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Executive summary

This report addresses three key questions: What are the risks associated with the funding of political parties and election campaigns? Why are existing regulatory models still insufficient and not fully implemented to tackle those risks? What are the links between money in politics and broader frameworks for integrity in the public sector? The resulting analysis has produced a Framework on Financing Democracy for shaping the global debate, providing policy options and a mapping of risks. The report also features detailed country case studies of Canada, Chile, Estonia, France, Korea, Mexico, United Kingdom, Brazil and India, providing in-depth analysis of their political finance mechanisms and challenges in different institutional settings. The findings of these nine case studies also confirm the relevance of the Framework and provide good practices that can be applied to other countries.

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