Estonia: Towards a Single Government Approach

image of Estonia: Towards a Single Government Approach

These OECD country reviews examine governance and public management issues from a comprehensive perspective, helping countries to identify how reforms can better reinforce each other in support of overall government objectives.  They also examine reform strategies that have worked in other countries and provide advice as to which reforms can be appropriately adapted to a given country.    

Since the restoration of independence in 1991, Estonia has met the challenge of establishing a fully functional, stable, and modern state.  This review looks at how, building on its significant accomplishments to date, the Estonian public administration can work together as a single government to improve and sustain service delivery to citizens and to meet new challenges on the horizon. 



Case Study Two

Social Services for the Elderly in Estonia

OECD countries are rapidly ageing, and Estonia is not an exception. Estonia’s elderly are one of the poorest and most vulnerable segments of the population, as health and social care expenditures are lower and reported health problems among the aged higher than in other European countries. In light of increasing needs, poor health and social outcomes for the elderly, and limited financial means to reinforce inputs, Estonia needs to change the way in which it delivers care to the elderly population, in particular by working as a single government – across levels of government, among municipalities and care providers, and across sectors – in order to reduce the fragmentation of resources, capacity, and knowledge about elderly needs. Such a joined-up approach is necessary to find a sustainable response to Estonian social, cultural and economic circumstances and to meet the goal of equality of access to services for all citizens across the country.


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