Decentralisation and Multi-level Governance in Kazakhstan

image of Decentralisation and Multi-level Governance in Kazakhstan

This review examines the reforms undertaken by the government of Kazakhstan in the area of public governance and evaluates their impact on the powers and responsibilities of subnational levels of government. It places particular emphasis on finding the right allocation of roles and responsibilities among different levels of government, and on using decentralisation as a means to increase self-reliance, civic participation, accountability, and enhanced capacity at the local level. The report also offers a number of recommendations for further strengthening the role of local executive bodies and democratising some aspects of local government.


Capacities and role of local government in Kazakhstan in the context of decentralisation

This chapter examines the capacity of the local government to exercise their powers and responsibilities stemming from their legal authority and budgetary capacity. The chapter looks into the system of the fiscal equalisation and the budgetary decision-making process, as well as into the impact of transfers of financial and human resources following the transfer of responsibilities between tiers of government. Finally, the chapter offers an analysis of evaluation systems in Kazakhstan and provides actionable recommendations on measuring the performance of local executive bodies and developing evaluation criteria that are better aligned to the roles of local government and the demonstration of outcomes to citizen.


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