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Creating a Culture of Independence

Practical Guidance against Undue Influence

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Regulators are the “referees” of markets that provide essential services to citizens; they guarantee that all actors respect the rules and work to achieve the best outcomes. This means that their behaviour must be objective, impartial, consistent and free from conflict of interest – in other words, independent. Yet, regulators need to engage with a number of stakeholders, who may also seek to apply pressure and exert undue influence on regulatory outcomes. The independence of regulators is thus constantly under stress. This report provides practical advice on how to address stress points and protect economic regulators from undue influence, drawing on the experience of over 80 regulators that participate in the OECD Network of Economic Regulators (NER). It presents a practical checklist to support behavioural and organisational change, and helps other stakeholders better understand and appreciate the role of regulators and how to interact with them.

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Users' guide

This guidance is intended to provide practical guidelines for governments and regulators on how to protect economic regulatory agencies (from here on regulatory agencies) from undue influence. It also aims at helping the executive, legislature, judiciary, industry, consumers, media and interest groups to better understand and appreciate the role of regulators and how to interact with them. It has an informal status of guidance and can be used by OECD members and non-members to guide their reforms.

English Spanish, French

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