Costa Rica: Good Governance, from Process to Results

image of Costa Rica: Good Governance, from Process to Results

The review analyses key areas of public governance in Costa Rica and identifies opportunities to improve the performance of the state in order to ensure more effective and efficient service delivery for all citizens. It examines co-ordination at the centre of government, public policy monitoring and evaluation and the use of the budget framework for strategic planning. It also looks at human resource management, integrity policies and public procurement, and multi-level governance. The review provides recommendations to assist the government in strengthening the capacity of the public sector to support social and economic development.



Executive summary

Costa Rica stands out in the region for its political and economic stability. In 1949, the country dissolved its armed forces and adopted a new Constitution. The Constitution fostered broad-based access to education and healthcare, a robust system of checks and balances, and a strong rule of law. Sound mechanisms to oversee state action as well as to protect and guarantee human and democratic rights were progressively installed. Relatively stable, long-term economic growth has allowed for important investments in basic social services, while a good endowment of human capital and natural amenities has further contributed to socio-economic progress. The average life expectancy at birth of Costa Ricans is significantly higher than in other Latin American countries and Costa Rica made important progress on the Human Development Index.


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