Costa Rica: Good Governance, from Process to Results

image of Costa Rica: Good Governance, from Process to Results

The review analyses key areas of public governance in Costa Rica and identifies opportunities to improve the performance of the state in order to ensure more effective and efficient service delivery for all citizens. It examines co-ordination at the centre of government, public policy monitoring and evaluation and the use of the budget framework for strategic planning. It also looks at human resource management, integrity policies and public procurement, and multi-level governance. The review provides recommendations to assist the government in strengthening the capacity of the public sector to support social and economic development.



Contextualising public governance in Costa Rica

This chapter provides an overview of Costa Rica’s recent politico-administrative, socio-economic and demographic changes and describes how these are putting pressure on the country’s governance mechanisms. Costa Rica’s political and economic model has been characterised for decades by high political stability and stable economic growth, allowing the country to perform well on social development deliverables like education and health. However, inequalities are on the rise, important economic pillars like the high-tech industry and tourism have come under pressure, a fragmented public sector is struggling to deliver policies and services effectively, and citizens are increasingly losing trust in public institutions and the political system. This chapter therefore underlines the need to strengthen the country’s governance capacity in different areas.


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