Constitutions in OECD Countries: A Comparative Study

Background Report in the Context of Chile’s Constitutional Process

image of Constitutions in OECD Countries: A Comparative Study

Chile has embarked on an ambitious path towards a new constitution. For all countries, drafting a new constitution or amending an existing one is a stimulating challenge, but also a demanding process from both a political and technical standpoint. This report presents the results of a benchmarking exercise conducted by the OECD of possible constitutional provisions, reflecting the experiences of OECD member countries. The components covered include economic and social rights, the system of government, multi-level governance, constitutional review, fiscal governance and the role and functioning of central banks.

English Also available in: Spanish

System of government

Constitutions create a framework for government that enables a country’s stability, inclusiveness, and co-operation among branches of power. Chapter 4 draws some practical lessons for promoting those values by providing an overview of presidential, parliamentary, and semi-presidential systems and benchmarking the existing institutional framework in selected OECD constitutional democracies. In particular, it describes the main types of governance arrangements between the executive and legislative powers. It explores how the executive and legislature interact, the patterns of separation of powers between the two and which are the most likely outcomes of the political system resulting from those interactions, with mentions of other important aspects such as the electoral and party systems. It also highlights elements of direct citizen participation.

English Also available in: Spanish

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