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Colombia: Implementing Good Governance

image of Colombia: Implementing Good Governance

Colombia has undergone profound change over the last ten years and has made significant progress in implementing its governance agenda with policies that aim to strengthen its institutions and promote sustainable, inclusive growth in all regions of the country. The Public Governance Review therefore offers advice to help Colombia address its governance challenges effectively and efficiently over time. It provides an assessment and recommendations on how to improve its ability to set, steer, and implement multi-year national development strategy. The Review addresses centre-of-government co-ordination, evidence-based decision-making, multi-level governance and thematic issues related to whole-of-government strategic human resource management, e-government, and public procurement. Overall, strategic agility in managing an efficient and effective public administration that delivers sound policy to citizens and business in support of the country’s security, growth and prosperity, are key to ensuring that Colombia’s government can deliver policy in a way that advances the country’s long-term development, cohesion, competitiveness and prosperity agenda.

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Contextual factors influencing governance in Colombia

Colombia is Latin America’s third largest economy as measured by GDP (2012) and is endowed with abundant natural resources. Significant political reform since the early 1990s, beginning with the adoption of the Political Constitution of 1991, has facilitated the modernisation of economic activity. While the country has weathered the recent economic crisis well, its GDP growth rates may stabilise over the medium term, inequality remains acute, severe regional disparities persist, productivity remains stubbornly low and its fiscal environment could become tighter over time. This chapter provides an overview of Colombia’s economic, demographic, policy and fiscal challenges and opportunities, themselves influenced by the country’s history and its recent political evolution. It highlights the need to improve its governance capacity to enhance the country’s prospects of achieving “prosperity for all”, the current government’s medium-term strategic priority.

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