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Anti-corruption Reforms in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Progress and Challenges, 2009-2013

image of Anti-corruption Reforms in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

During several past years countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia have introduced important anti-corruption reforms. However, corruption remains high in the region. This report identifies progress achieved in the region as well as remaining challenges which require further action by countries. The report analyses three broad areas of anti-corruption work, including anti-corruption policies and institutions, criminalisation of corruption and law-enforcement, and measures to prevent corruption in public administration and in the business sector. The analysis is illustrated by examples of good practice from various countries and comparative cross-country data.



The report focuses on eight countries in the region which participate in the OECD/ACN initiative knows as the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan which including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. It also presents examples from other countries in the region to give a broader perspective for the analysis. The report covers the period between 2008 and 2012, when the second round of monitoring of Istanbul Action Plan countries was implemented, and is based on the results of this monitoring.

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The Anti-corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Chapter 5 describes the role that the OECD Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ACN) played in supporting anti-corruption reforms in the region. It describes the governance structure and funding mechanism of the ACN. It describes the main ACN activities over the past five years, including the second round of monitoring under the Istanbul Action Plan, thematic studies and training seminars for practitioners. The Chapter stresses that peer review and peer learning methodologies proved to be an effective tool for mobilising anti-corruption reforms in the region. It further identifies key features that ensured the success of the ACN work, including strong ownership by the governments, participation of non-governmental partners, effective co-operation with other international organisations and stable support of the OECD Secretariat. The Chapter concludes with the discusses how to increase the impact of future ACN anticorruption activities to support practical implementation of anti-corruption reforms in the region.

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