Ageing and the Public Service

Human Resource Challenges

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Government workforces are ageing even more rapidly than the rest of society. This raises specific challenges and opportunities. An ageing public service increases fiscal burdens while decreasing immediate capacities to deliver services. In the long run, however, it also offers a strategic opportunity to downsize the public sector workforce if necessary and to change employment conditions and the management of government employees where this is deemed reasonable. This book reviews the experience of 9 OECD member countries in this field. It presents some conclusions on strategies that countries could implement in order to adjust their human resource policies to the wider ageing challenge. 

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Ageing and the Public Service in Italy

Italy faces some of the most difficult demographic challenges of all OECD member countries, with disadvantageous aging trends across the full range of indicators: increasing proportion of older workers, increasing number of pensioners, declining birth rates. Furthermore, the ageing process presents short-term challenges for Italy, which will then continue until 2050. However, political recognition of this looming demographic crisis has come only recently. As a consequence, the Italian public sector ageing strategy remains minimalist, particularly relative to the magnitude of the problem.

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