Administrative Simplification in Viet Nam

Supporting the Competitiveness of the Vietnamese Economy

image of Administrative Simplification in Viet Nam

Administrative simplification in Viet Nam has reached a defining moment. In 2007, the government launched  “Project 30”, the goal of which was to reduce administrative procedures by 30% as part of ambitious reforms to modernise the public service and simplify the regulatory environment for businesses. These reforms support the development of infrastructure, increased productivity, greater foreign direct investment and a high rate of growth. Administrative simplification efforts, once fully implemented, will enhance regulatory quality and stimulate competitiveness and equitable growth. It was within this context that Viet Nam invited OECD to evaluate achievements so far and suggest future directions, including options for a ten-year programme for regulatory reform grounded in international best practice.  

This report details Project 30 and related initiatives. Using international comparisons and incorporating experience from similar reforms in other countries, it explores how Viet Nam can rapidly bring about the full potential of Project 30 and introduce a complete range of regulatory reform instruments in the near future. The lessons learnt from the management of a major administrative simplification initiative in Viet Nam will be useful to other countries seeking to improve their regulatory framework and to reduce administrative burdens, especially in the developing world and in transition countries. 

This report is published in English; a French translation of the executive summary has been included in this volume.


Assessment and recommendations

Viet Nam has made impressive progress in recent years in administrative and legal reform, by introducing policies, building capacities and training civil servants to improve the quality of regulation. But “good” is not “good enough”. The original impetus for reform was to assist the transition to a market economy by streamlining and making more userfriendly the regulatory environment for business to prosper. There remains much to be done to fully implement policies that have been initiated or announced, and to further develop the instruments of regulatory quality. The reforms are still new and so have not yet become part of the regulatory culture, particularly at the lower levels of the administration. In addition, policy makers and civil servants need to develop skills and expertise in the use of regulatory policy tools (such as RIA) in order to use them to their fullest potential. This chapter, therefore, also highlights some of the challenges ahead and suggests policy options for future reforms.


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