OECD Journal on Budgeting

The OECD Journal on Budgeting is published three times per year. It draws on the best of the recent work of the OECD Working Party of Senior Budget Officials (SBO), as well as special contributions from finance ministries, academics and experts in the field and makes it available to a wider community in an accessible format. The journal provides insight on leading-edge institutional arrangements, systems and instruments for the allocation and management of resources in the public sector.

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Accrual Accounting and Budgeting

Key Issues and Recent Developments

Cash and accruals represent two end points on a spectrum of possible accounting and budgeting bases. The cash end of the spectrum has traditionally been applied by OECD member countries for their public sector activities. In recent years there has been a major trend towards the accruals end of the spectrum in member countries. About half of member countries have adopted accruals to one degree or another. The tables at the end of this paper provide details on practices in individual member countries. Several general comments can be made about the use of accruals in member countries...

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