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Environmental and Energy Products

The Benefits of Liberalising Trade

image of Environmental and Energy Products
This collection of studies is intended to help trade negotiators navigate through the international discussion over liberalising trade in environmental goods and services by exploring in greater depth three categories of environmental goods: environmentally preferable products, renewable-energy products and energy-efficient products. Its three chapters consider the scope and definition of each product category, examine tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade, and explain the environmental effects of liberalising such goods.  This book follows a previous volume, Trade that Benefits the Environment and Development: Opening Markets for Environmental Goods and Services, published in 2005,

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Executive Summary

Chapter 1 examines the potential benefits of liberalising international trade in certain goods designated as “environmentally preferable products” (EPPs) in the context of the Doha Development Round of multilateral trade negotiations and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. EPPs are defined as “products that cause significantly less ‘environmental harm’ at some stage of their ‘life cycle’ than alternative products that serve the same purpose.” (UNCTAD, 2004)

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