1887

Documents de travail de l'OCDE sur la politique commerciale

Cette série porte sur la politique commerciale.

Anglais

Agricultural Trade and Employment in South Africa

This report provides an overview of policy changes in South African agriculture over the past three decades, and of some of the associated impacts on output, trade patterns and employment. In agriculture, the story is one of widespread substitution of labour for capital. While the sector has shed more than a million jobs over the past four decades, the paper highlights its continuing role as an employment creator in rural areas, albeit mainly in low-wage occupations. As for its principal analytical contribution, this paper considers future trade liberalisation in the agricultural sector. Using two different economic models, we find a remarkably consistent pattern whereby agricultural trade liberalisation in the region is predicted to increase agricultural employment.

Anglais

Mots-clés: inclusive growth, trade, wages, employment
JEL: F16: International Economics / Trade / Trade and Labor Market Interactions
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