Perspectives on Global Development 2017

International Migration in a Shifting World

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Perspectives on Global Development 2017 presents an overview of the shifting of economic activity to developing countries and examines whether this shift has led to an increase in international migration towards developing countries. The report focuses on the latest data on migration between 1995 and 2015, and uses a new three-way categorisation of countries. It describes the recent evolution of migration overall as well as by groups of countries according to their growth performance.It analyses what drives these trends and also studies the special case of refugees. It examines the impact on migration of migration policies as well as various sectoral policies in developing countries of origin as well as of destination, and studies the impact of migration on these countries. The report also develops four illustrative future scenarios of migration in 2030 and recommends policies that can help improve the benefits of migration for origin and destination countries, as well as for migrants. Better data, more research and evidence-based policy action are needed to prepare for expected increases in the number of migrants from developing countries. More needs to be done to avoid situations that lead to refugee spikes as well as to foster sustainable development.

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Shifting wealth: Trends, implications and prospects

Centre de Développement de l’OCDE

This edition of Perspectives on Global Development examines international migration in the context of the phenomenon of “shifting wealth” and an increasingly interconnected world economy. Laying the groundwork for the following chapters on migration, this chapter revisits shifting wealth trends and implications, and it outlines some prospects for the future. The first section looks at the economic factors that have driven shifting wealth, highlighting in particular the role of China as its engine, the recent commodity price boom, massive capital investment, the increasing interdependencies of the world economy and technological change. It illustrates how the shifting wealth process is slowing. The second section records how the phenomenon has benefited living conditions around the world, particularly with respect to jobs, wages and incomes. However, it also illustrates that current challenges to growth and trends in other areas, such as demography and inequality, risk undoing some of the recent achievements. The final section posits the hypothesis that the shifting wealth phenomenon has influenced patterns of international migration. It introduces a new typology of countries to help explore this question.



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