Social Impact Investment

Building the Evidence Base

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Social impact investment can provide new ways to more efficiently and effectively allocate public and private capital to address social and economic challenges at the global, national and local levels. While these innovative market-based approaches will not replace the core role of the public sector or the need for philanthropy, they can provide a potentially powerful means for leveraging existing capital.

This report provides a framework for assessing the social impact investment market and focuses on the need to build the evidence base, in particular for impact assessment compared to existing social service delivery models. The report highlights the importance of further international collaboration in developing global standards on definitions, data collection, impact measurement and evaluation of policies as well as experience sharing between players in the market. International organisations can play an important role in facilitating these collaborations as well as conducting further analysis and data collection.



Context setting: Differences in social needs and service delivery across selected countries

This chapter looks at the context for social impact investment across the G7 and Australia. This includes looking at changes in social needs and direct public sector provision over time as well as a discussion of the different models of social service provision in each country. This chapter covers: a review of trends in social needs in key service sectors (health, employment and education, housing, criminal justice and family services); trend changes in public spending in the above areas; models of social services provision; evidence of best practice in this area; and, methods and issues for measuring social impact.


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