SME Policy Index: The Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa 2014

Implementation of the Small Business Act for Europe

image of SME Policy Index: The Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa 2014

This report assesses the elaboration and implementation of SME policy in eight Middle East and North African economies of the southern Mediterranean shore. The assessment is structured according to the ten policy principles covered in the Small Business Act for Europe (the SBA). One of the main findings is that over the last five years there has been progress in SME policy elaboration and implementation in spite of the political and economic turmoil. However, that progress has been modest, incremental and uneven across economies and dimensions. Political and economic stability, as well as institutional development, had a major impact on policy performance.

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SMEs in a green economy

SBA principle: Enable SMEs to turn environmental changes into opportunities

This chapter analyses the initiatives by MED economies to integrate eco-efficiency and eco-innovation in SME and innovation strategies, the availability of expertise on environmental issues for SMEs, the use of environmental management systems (EMS) and standards, and governments’ efforts to promote them.

The analysis indicates that governments in the MED region have generally integrated environmental considerations into their policy framework and have institutions in place that promote the protection of the environment, clean production and renewable energy. In most economies, however, these policies are not adapted to the needs of SMEs. Service provision and information on how to improve eco-efficiency or eco-innovation which target SMEs are underdeveloped and the wider use of EMSs and standards remains a widely untapped potential

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