Policy Framework for Investment

A Review of Good Practices

image of Policy Framework for Investment
OECD's Policy Framework for Investment is designed to encourage policy makers to ask appropriate questions about their economy, their institutions and their policy settings in order to identify their priorities, to develop an effective set of policies and to evaluate progress. This Review of Good Practices in OECD and non-OECD economies is published as a companion volume to the Framework and provides analytical background material on each of the ten chapters of the Framework.

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Competition Policy

Competition policy has come to play an increasingly important role within the context of the global development agenda. For example, the Monterrey Consensus, the values and objectives of which underpin the Policy Framework for Investment, emphasised “the promotion of a competitive environment” in order to allow “businesses, both domestic and international, to operate efficiently and profitably and with maximum development impact” (paragraph 21). The Monterrey Consensus also called on members of the WTO to implement the commitments made in the Doha Development Declaration, which recognised “the needs of developing and least-developed countries for enhanced support for technical assistance and capacity building in [the area of competition policy], including policy analysis and development” (paragraphs 23-25).1 Work undertaken at the OECD, UNCTAD, the World Bank and the WTO, among others, has underscored the relevance of competition policy from a development perspective. Furthermore, developing countries have been adopting competition laws and policies in ever-increasing numbers, pointing to benefits that these would seem to associate with doing so. While approximately 27 developing countries adopted some form of competition law during the 1990s,2 an additional 35 were in the process of implementing competition laws as of February 2004.

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