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Pensions at a Glance Asia/Pacific 2018

image of Pensions at a Glance Asia/Pacific 2018

Many of Asia’s retirement-income systems are ill prepared for the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades. The demographic transition – to fewer babies and longer lives – took a century in Europe and North America. In Asia, this transition will often occur in a single generation. Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to ensure that they are financially sustainable and provide adequate retirement incomes. This report examines the retirement-income systems of 18 countries in the region. The report provides new data for comparing pension systems of different countries. It combines the OECD’s expertise in modelling pension entitlements with a network of national pension experts who provided detailed information at the country level, verified key results and provided feedback and input to improve the analysis.

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Basic, targeted and minimum pensions

Basic and minimum pensions along with social assistance are defined as the first layer of protection for the elderly within the pension system. They make up the first tier of the taxonomy of pension systems, which was set out in the previous indicator of the architecture of national pension schemes.

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