Pensions at a Glance 2021

OECD and G20 Indicators

image of Pensions at a Glance 2021

The 2021 edition of Pensions at a Glance highlights the pension reforms undertaken by OECD countries over the past two years. Moreover, the special chapter focuses on automatic adjustment mechanisms in pensions systems in OECD countries, discusses the usefulness and limitations of these policy instruments, and suggests ways to improve them in order to enhance the capacity of pension systems to fulfil their objectives. This edition also updates information on the key features of pension provision in OECD and G20 countries and provides projections of retirement income for today’s workers. It offers indicators covering the design of pension systems, pension entitlements, the demographic and economic context in which pension systems operate, incomes and poverty of older people, the finances of retirement‑income systems and private pensions.

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Long-term projections of public pension expenditure

The main driver of growing pension expenditures is demographic change. The projections shown in are derived either from the European Commission’s 2021 Ageing Report – which covers the EU27 members plus Norway – or from countries’ own estimates. In the main table, data are presented forwards to 2060 for those countries where the figures are available. However, data are only available for 2040 for Japan and 2030 for Switzerland and not available at all in seven OECD countries.



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