OECD Reviews of Pension Systems: Peru

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This review assesses Peru’s pension system in its entirety, looking at both public and private, pay-as-you-go (PAYG) financed and funded pension provisions. The review then provides policy options to help tackle old-age poverty; establish a solid framework for the contributory pension system to meet its objectives; improve the coverage and level of pensions; and optimise the design and improve the regulation of the funded private pension component. A further goal of these proposals is to improve the Peruvian population’s trust that the country’s pension system will be able to deliver secure retirement income in old age.

The review is the fifth in a series of country reviews of pension systems [Ireland (2014), Mexico (2016), Latvia (2018), and Portugal (2019)]. These reviews provide countries with policy options that will help them improve the functioning of their overall pension system. Tailored policy options are proposed based on the specificities of the national pension system, and on international best practices regarding reforms, design and regulation of pension systems.



Optimising the design of the private pension system for the accumulation phase

This chapter focuses on the accumulation phase in the private pension system, and looks at the investment strategies and results of the pension fund administrators (Administradoras de Fondos de Pensiones, AFPs), as well as the competitive landscape, costs and fees, and the services that the AFPs provide to their members. The chapter proposes policy options to optimise the period of asset accumulation in the private pension component with a focus on the investment strategies and fund offering of the AFPs. It also discusses how the incentives of the AFPs could be better aligned with member interests as well as options aiming to align costs and fees in the system and promote efficient operations. The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.*


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