OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Viet Nam 2009

Policy Framework for Investment Assessment

image of OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Viet Nam 2009

This publication presents the results of the first OECD investment policy review of Vietnam. It finds that the progress Vietnam has achieved in less than two decades in putting into place a legal framework and implementing policies that mobilise private investment, including international direct investment, to support economic growth and the prosperity of Vietnam’s citizens has been remarkable. Starting from a situation in which the economy was essentially closed to private and international investment, Vietnam is now considered to be one of the very attractive economies in the world for investment.

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Key Findings and a Roadmap for Future Reforms

After more than two decades since the launch of the country’s renovation strategy (1986 – 2009), Viet Nam has made an extensive effort to establish its legal framework and implement policies to mobilise investment from the private sector, including international investment, to stimulate economic growth and improve the standard of living of the Vietnamese people. Throughout this period, the Vietnamese economy has been transformed from a centrally planned model to a market-based one, featuring a dynamic private economic sector developing side by side with the state-owned sector for the good of the economy. Huge domestic economic resources have been unleashed. The economy has gone through important changes, both in quantity and quality. It has led to impressive growth of the private sector and to large inflows of foreign investment. Viet Nam is now seen as one of the most attractive destinations for foreign direct investment (FDI) FDI in the world, particularly for FDI from Asian and most developed countries as the figures for 2007-2008 clearly show.

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