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OECD Investment Policy Reviews: India 2009

image of OECD Investment Policy Reviews: India 2009
This review of India's investment policy finds that India has made tremendous progress in building a policy environment to encourage investment. As a result, the country’s economy is growing more rapidly and FDI inflows have accelerated impressively. However, investment remains insufficient to meet India’s needs, particularly in infrastructure. Current efforts to strengthen and liberalise the regulatory framework for investment need to be intensified. India’s well-developed economic legislation should be implemented at an accelerated pace both at national level and right across India’s States and Union Territories.

OECD Investment Policy Reviews: India charts India's progress in developing an effective policy framework to promote investment for development, especially since the acceleration of economic reform from 1991 onward. It focuses on policies towards investment, trade, competition and other elements of the business environment. Finally, it outlines some of the challenges of implementing national-level reforms at state level.

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India's Evolving Position in the Global Economy

This chapter charts how India’s progress in comprehensive economic reform has contributed to an acceleration in economic growth, noting that further reform is necessary to achieve the government’s development goals, such as increasing employment and reducing poverty and inequality. The chapter examines the liberalisation of the regulatory framework for foreign direct investment (FDI) since 1991 and shows how this has led to the country’s recent strong performance as both a recipient and a source of FDI. FDI inflows are analysed by motivation, sectoral distribution, geographical source and mode of entry (automatic or approval route). Outflows of FDI are similarly analysed by sector, destination and type (greenfield or M&A), while tracing the evolution of government policy towards outward investment.

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