OECD Investment Policy Review: Bulgaria

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This review assesses the climate for domestic and foreign investment in Bulgaria and discusses the challenges and opportunities faced by the government of Bulgaria in its reform efforts. Capitalising on the OECD Policy Framework for Investment, the review includes chapters on trends in foreign investment and their socio-economic benefits, foreign investor entry and operations, the legal and institutional framework for investment protection, investment promotion and facilitation, public governance, and policies to promote and enable responsible business conduct. The review then highlights potential reform priorities to help Bulgaria fulfil development ambitions that align with its commitment to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination as a new Adherent to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises.


Economic trends and the role of investment

This chapter outlines investment trends in Bulgaria. It provides information on the evolution of inward and outward FDI flows and stocks and compares Bulgaria’s performance to other similar countries. It also provides information on the relative importance of greenfield FDI and mergers and acquisitions. Bulgaria has performed relatively strongly in attracting foreign investment, but there is need to diversify FDI by destination sector, source country and mode of entry as well as support further internationalisation of domestic firms.


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