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OECD Investment Policy Perspectives 2008

image of OECD Investment Policy Perspectives 2008

This new annual from the OECD provides articles covering recent developments in international investment policy.  This issue includes articles on FDI spillovers, investment regulation and sustainable developement, investment guarantees and risk insurance, financial sector liberalisation in developing countries, and a report on the most recent OECD Global Forum on International Investment.

English

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The Benefits of Financial Sector Liberalisation for Least Developed Countries

A Case Study of Ethiopia

This paper focuses on issues of financial sector liberalisation in Ethiopia, with reference in particular to the Ethiopian banking sector. Ethiopia is a country that has not been studied extensively because of its isolation and comparative lack of data. Through newly obtained panel data from all commercial banks (privately held and state-owned), we have identified two factors that may constrain Ethiopia’s financial development. One is the closed nature of the Ethiopian financial sector in which there are no foreign banks, a non-competitive market structure, and strong capital controls in place. The other is the dominant role of state owned banks. Our observations and analysis of bank performance suggest that the Ethiopian economy would benefit from financial sector liberalisation, especially from the entry of foreign banks and the associated privatisation of state owned banks. A more general policy lesson is that financial sector liberalisation holds potential development benefits for countries at all stages of economic development, not just countries that are more advanced.

English

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