OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Mexico

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Many of Mexico’s product markets remain among the most heavily regulated in the OECD. These structural flaws adversely affect the ability of firms to effectively compete in the markets and hamper innovation, efficiency and productivity. Against this backdrop, this report analyses Mexican legislation in the medicine (production, wholesale, retail) and meat sector (animal feed, growing of animals, slaughterhouses, wholesale and retail) along the vertical supply chain. Using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit to structure the analysis, the report reviews 228 pieces of legislation and identifies 107 legal provisions which could be removed or amended to lift regulatory barriers to competition. The analysis of the legislation and of the Mexican sectors has been complemented by research into international experience and consultation with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD has developed recommendations to remove or modify the provisions in order to be less restrictive for suppliers and consumers, while still achieving Mexican policy makers’ initial objectives. This report identifies the potential benefits of the recommendations and, where possible, provides quantitative estimates.

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The meat sector is important in Mexico, both as a source of employment (344 849 people, as of 2013) and as a contributor of GVA (animal slaughtering and processing accounted for 0.95% of Mexican GDP in 2015). Regulatory reforms could bring efficiency gains that would benefit Mexican households, particularly the poorest. The major constraints in the meat sector include unnecessary documentation to transport livestock, their products and sub-products (e.g. state transport documents and certifications granted by local livestock associations); excessive controls for imports (e.g. double authorisation of establishments and countries; inspection of all imported meat, carcasses, viscera and offal); anti-competitive legislation on livestock associations; and the non-harmonisation of several Mexican standards with international norms.

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