OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Greece 2017

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This report analyses Greek legislation in a number of sectors and identifies about 350 legal provisions which could be removed or amended to lift regulatory barriers to competition. The work undertaken in the project has involved the review of over 1 200 pieces of legislation in these sectors of the economy, using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit. The analysis of the legislation and of the Greek sectors has been complemented by research into international experience and consultation with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD has developed recommendations to remove or modify the provisions in order to be less restrictive for suppliers and consumers, while still achieving Greek policy makers’ initial objectives. If these recommendations are implemented, benefits to consumers in Greece and to the Greek economy should arise in all sectors. Throughout this report, the authors identify the sources of those benefits and, where possible, provide quantitative estimates.



This study covers five sectors of the Greek economy. These are e-commerce, construction, media, wholesale trade and selected manufacturing sub-sectors not already reviewed in the first two Competition Assessment Projects. The manufacturing sub-sectors covered by the study are as follows, accompanied by the corresponding codes according to the Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE): paper and paper products (NACE code 17), printing and reproduction of recorded media (NACE code 18), chemicals and chemical products (NACE code 20), basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations (NACE code 21), rubber and plastic products (NACE code 22) and electrical equipment (NACE code 27). The sectors were selected, in consultation with the Ministry of Economy and the European Commission’s SRSS, based on their value added and employment (2008-2013 averages).


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