OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Greece 2017

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This report analyses Greek legislation in a number of sectors and identifies about 350 legal provisions which could be removed or amended to lift regulatory barriers to competition. The work undertaken in the project has involved the review of over 1 200 pieces of legislation in these sectors of the economy, using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit. The analysis of the legislation and of the Greek sectors has been complemented by research into international experience and consultation with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD has developed recommendations to remove or modify the provisions in order to be less restrictive for suppliers and consumers, while still achieving Greek policy makers’ initial objectives. If these recommendations are implemented, benefits to consumers in Greece and to the Greek economy should arise in all sectors. Throughout this report, the authors identify the sources of those benefits and, where possible, provide quantitative estimates.




Particular regulatory barriers to competition in the media sector were identified in publishing activities, programme production, radio and pay-TV broadcasting activities. These are often created by the non-implementation of legislation that is both outdated and fragmented. For example, the most recent legal framework for radio licensing has been in force since 2007, yet the relevant tenders have never been issued. The legal framework should be codified and various obsolete provisions should be removed. Restrictions regarding years of previous operation or circulation for radio licences, and public subsidies for the printed press have also been addressed. Limitations to the selection of programme suppliers to pay-TV broadcasters, as well as outdated licensing procedures and costs, reduce incentives to invest and adopt new technologies. Finally, the production of audio-visual content only by producers fulfilling specific requirements constitutes a barrier to entry in the profession and to the development of independent audiovisual producers. The following recommendations should contribute to simplifying the business environment and increasing consumer choice.


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