OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Greece 2017

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This report analyses Greek legislation in a number of sectors and identifies about 350 legal provisions which could be removed or amended to lift regulatory barriers to competition. The work undertaken in the project has involved the review of over 1 200 pieces of legislation in these sectors of the economy, using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit. The analysis of the legislation and of the Greek sectors has been complemented by research into international experience and consultation with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD has developed recommendations to remove or modify the provisions in order to be less restrictive for suppliers and consumers, while still achieving Greek policy makers’ initial objectives. If these recommendations are implemented, benefits to consumers in Greece and to the Greek economy should arise in all sectors. Throughout this report, the authors identify the sources of those benefits and, where possible, provide quantitative estimates.




Much of the legislation related to e-commerce is governed by or reliant upon EU legislation. Both EU and national laws in the relevant areas are currently under review, principally within the framework of the EU’s Digital Single Market strategy. The assessment of this sector looked at the core law on e-commerce, as well as other legislation directly or indirectly affecting it. Potential barriers to competition were found principally in the area of consumer protection, which is currently fragmented, with conflicting definitions and unclear provisions. Simplifying, streamlining and codifying consumer-protection legislation will remove legal uncertainty and compliance costs; better serve e-commerce providers, who rely on automated and standardized processes; level the playing field with foreign providers; and boost consumer confidence in making online purchases – and so remove impediments to growth in the sector.


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