OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Greece 2017

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This report analyses Greek legislation in a number of sectors and identifies about 350 legal provisions which could be removed or amended to lift regulatory barriers to competition. The work undertaken in the project has involved the review of over 1 200 pieces of legislation in these sectors of the economy, using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit. The analysis of the legislation and of the Greek sectors has been complemented by research into international experience and consultation with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD has developed recommendations to remove or modify the provisions in order to be less restrictive for suppliers and consumers, while still achieving Greek policy makers’ initial objectives. If these recommendations are implemented, benefits to consumers in Greece and to the Greek economy should arise in all sectors. Throughout this report, the authors identify the sources of those benefits and, where possible, provide quantitative estimates.




The construction sector includes construction of buildings and civil engineering works, and numerous categories of economic activity, such as new works, repairs, additions and alterations. Recent legislative reforms, in particular, in the area of public procurement, have aimed to simplify and codify the regulatory framework. Despite these efforts, issues remain, including reform of the registry-based classification system for market operators and eligibility for tenders, and the need to ensure that the price-list system – which forms the basis of tenders for public works – is functioning correctly and is regularly updated. Eprocurement and e-monitoring of public works are expected to have a long-term positive effect both on the cost of public works and on public revenue, yet the necessary integrated or interoperable electronic information systems are still to be introduced.


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