OECD Competition Assessment Reviews: Greece 2017

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This report analyses Greek legislation in a number of sectors and identifies about 350 legal provisions which could be removed or amended to lift regulatory barriers to competition. The work undertaken in the project has involved the review of over 1 200 pieces of legislation in these sectors of the economy, using the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit. The analysis of the legislation and of the Greek sectors has been complemented by research into international experience and consultation with stakeholders from the public and private sectors. The OECD has developed recommendations to remove or modify the provisions in order to be less restrictive for suppliers and consumers, while still achieving Greek policy makers’ initial objectives. If these recommendations are implemented, benefits to consumers in Greece and to the Greek economy should arise in all sectors. Throughout this report, the authors identify the sources of those benefits and, where possible, provide quantitative estimates.



Chemicals and rubber, electrical equipment, paper and printing

Manufacture and wholesale trade of chemicals and rubber products, electrical equipment, paper and paper products, and printing and reproduction of recorded media are covered in this chapter. Regulatory barriers to competition are identified in the detergents and biocides industries, especially in terms of product trading (i.e. selling in bulk, prevention of umbrellabranding) and the licensing of manufacturing facilities. For cosmetics, products’ primary and secondary functions should be recognised by Greek legislation in line with EU guidance, helping suppliers and enhancing product mix. Abolishing excise duty on isopropyl alcohol would result in lower prices and in an increase of the competitiveness of Greek manufacturers that use it as a raw material. The alignment of the administrative registration and conformity marks of sockets and plugs will facilitate suppliers’ operations and enhance consumer protection. The cumulative effect of the recommendations will be to make markets more open and competitive, to the benefit of consumers.


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