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OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Fourth Edition

image of OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major driver of globalisation. The OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment sets the world standard for FDI statistics. It provides a single point of reference for statisticians and users on all aspect of FDI statistics, while remaining compatible with other internationally accepted statistical standards. This edition introduces new analytical data breakdowns and statistical treatments that better reflect the realities of today’s world economy. The revised Benchmark Definition provides methods for classifying different types of FDI (e.g., mergers and acquisitions, greenfield investments) and for identifying the ultimate investor. The new edition now addresses the uses of FDI statistics, including globalisation indicators, and provides a chapter relating to the statistics on the activities of multinational enterprises.

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Special Entities

There are a number of special cases where it may be unclear whether or why a particular type of enterprise or activity qualifies for treatment as a direct investment enterprise or direct investment. Several of these cases are discussed below. These are Special Purpose Entities (SPEs); collective investment institutions (CIIs); land, structures and other immovable objects; construction enterprises; mobile equipment; and insurance companies.

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