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OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Fourth Edition

image of OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major driver of globalisation. The OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment sets the world standard for FDI statistics. It provides a single point of reference for statisticians and users on all aspect of FDI statistics, while remaining compatible with other internationally accepted statistical standards. This edition introduces new analytical data breakdowns and statistical treatments that better reflect the realities of today’s world economy. The revised Benchmark Definition provides methods for classifying different types of FDI (e.g., mergers and acquisitions, greenfield investments) and for identifying the ultimate investor. The new edition now addresses the uses of FDI statistics, including globalisation indicators, and provides a chapter relating to the statistics on the activities of multinational enterprises.

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Classification of FDI by Economy and Industry

The classification of investment by partner country and by industry sector are the two major dimensions required in presenting more detailed analyses of foreign direct investment (FDI) statistics under the directional principle. These detailed directional data are complementary with the FDI assets and liabilities aggregates also recommended by this Benchmark Definition and published as a part of the balance of payments and international investment position statistics. This chapter describes the recommended methodology for presenting these detailed breakdowns of direct investment statistics by partner country and industry sector under the directional principle.

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