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OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Fourth Edition

image of OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major driver of globalisation. The OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment sets the world standard for FDI statistics. It provides a single point of reference for statisticians and users on all aspect of FDI statistics, while remaining compatible with other internationally accepted statistical standards. This edition introduces new analytical data breakdowns and statistical treatments that better reflect the realities of today’s world economy. The revised Benchmark Definition provides methods for classifying different types of FDI (e.g., mergers and acquisitions, greenfield investments) and for identifying the ultimate investor. The new edition now addresses the uses of FDI statistics, including globalisation indicators, and provides a chapter relating to the statistics on the activities of multinational enterprises.

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Annex 7

Special Purpose Entities

The purpose of this Annex is to assist compilers to identify Special Purpose Entities (SPE). The core business of SPEs is to channel funds between entities outside the country where they are established. The identification of SPEs allows foreign direct investment (FDI) compilers to segregate transactions and positions that hardly affect domestic economic activity and do not reflect genuine investment activities in or of the reporting country itself. The role of these SPEs is merely to serve as a financial turn table for enterprises in other countries.

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