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OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Fourth Edition

image of OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major driver of globalisation. The OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment sets the world standard for FDI statistics. It provides a single point of reference for statisticians and users on all aspect of FDI statistics, while remaining compatible with other internationally accepted statistical standards. This edition introduces new analytical data breakdowns and statistical treatments that better reflect the realities of today’s world economy. The revised Benchmark Definition provides methods for classifying different types of FDI (e.g., mergers and acquisitions, greenfield investments) and for identifying the ultimate investor. The new edition now addresses the uses of FDI statistics, including globalisation indicators, and provides a chapter relating to the statistics on the activities of multinational enterprises.

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Annex 8

Collective Investment Institutions

The term collective investment institution (CII) generally refers to incorporated investment companies and investment trusts, as well as unincorporated undertakings (such as mutual funds or unit trusts), that invest in financial assets (mainly marketable securities and bank deposits) and/or non-financial assets using the funds collected from investors by means of issuing shares/units (other than equity). Other terms referring to CIIs may also be used, e.g. collective investment scheme, collective investment vehicle, collective investment undertaking, and in certain cases, investment fund. The CII can be open-ended or closed-ended. If open-ended, there is no limit to the number of shares/units on issue and the shares/units can be, at the request of the holders, repurchased or redeemed directly or indirectly out of the undertaking’s assets. If closed-ended, the number of shares/units on issue is fixed and investors entering or leaving the fund must buy or sell existing shares. The shares/units can be quoted or unquoted. The CII may pay periodic dividends, capitalise the income or a combination of those approaches, depending on the terms set out in its prospectus.

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