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OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Fourth Edition

image of OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment 2008

Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major driver of globalisation. The OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment sets the world standard for FDI statistics. It provides a single point of reference for statisticians and users on all aspect of FDI statistics, while remaining compatible with other internationally accepted statistical standards. This edition introduces new analytical data breakdowns and statistical treatments that better reflect the realities of today’s world economy. The revised Benchmark Definition provides methods for classifying different types of FDI (e.g., mergers and acquisitions, greenfield investments) and for identifying the ultimate investor. The new edition now addresses the uses of FDI statistics, including globalisation indicators, and provides a chapter relating to the statistics on the activities of multinational enterprises.

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Annex 2

Presentations of FDI Statistics

The Benchmark Definition recommends two types of standard presentations for the dissemination of foreign direct investment (FDI) statistics, one according to the assets/ liabilities principle, and the other according to the directional principle . In addition, further analyses of direct investment are to be reported on a supplemental (voluntary) basis but their reporting is strongly encouraged. Overall, the presentations for direct investment statistics recommended by this Benchmark Definition can be summarised as follows:

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