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International Investment Perspectives 2007

Freedom of Investment in a Changing World

image of International Investment Perspectives 2007
The global environment for foreign direct investment (FDI) improved in 2006 with investment inflows in OECD countries reaching US$ 910 billion – their highest level since the record year 2000. Cross-border mergers and acquisitions – a central component of FDI – continued to grow in 2007 and could be headed for their highest-ever levels. This volume of International Investment Perspectives contains two main analytic sections. The first addresses an apparent growth in discriminatory practices toward cross-border investment in recent years motivated by concerns about national security and related essential concerns. The second main section focuses on the new opportunities arising from FDI and the changing nature of the international economy in which investment takes place.

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OECD's FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index: Revision and Extension to More Economies and Sectors

The levels of restrictiveness of OECD countries toward foreign direct investment (FDI) have been progressively reduced over time and are low on average. Remaining variations are largely due to the limited group of countries which still maintain forms of general screening of foreign investments. Non- OECD countries adhering to the OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises are in general as open as OECD countries. Other non- OECD countries such as China, India, South Africa and Russia have more extensive restrictions. Among the nine sectors covered by the index, the most restricted are electricity and transport and the most open are tourism, construction and manufacturing. The Index does not take into account a number of factors beyond statutory discrimination which have a bearing on inward direct investment flows. However, when combined with these factors, the index is a good predictor of FDI performance.

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